Fifty-nine outbreaks of ASF have been reported in Ukraine this year, including several on the border with the European Union (EU), in particular Romania, where 45,000 pigs had to be culled in the biggest outbreak in this part of Europe.
Although, in terms of total numbers, outbreaks this year are not as bad as in 2017, overall production is forecast to decrease by 5.2% or 33,000 tonnes (t) to 594,000t, said Artur Loza, head of Ukraine’s Association of Pork Producers (APP), speaking at a conference in Kiev in late June.
As of 1 April 2018, there were 6.6 million pigs in Ukraine, 8.1% down on the level registered at the same time last year, the State Statistical Service has estimated.
Ukraine has seen pork production reduce constantly since 2014, when the first ASF outbreak was confirmed in the country. APP estimated that the total volume of pork produced in Ukraine in 2015 was around 740,000t.
ASF is also driving up domestic pork prices, said Alexey Doroshenko, general director of the Ukraine Association of Retail Network Suppliers, speaking to a local news outlet Golos. As a result, the domestic market’s self-sufficiency in pork products could reduce to a record low of around 40%, he said.
The industry is suffering heavy losses as, for example, one outbreak registered at a farm in the Kiev region cost its owners some UAH1 billion (US$38m) and “numerous farms in the country have been similarly affected”, according to Doroshenko.
Average pork consumption in Ukraine has also fallen in recent years and currently stands at 19-20kg per capita, according to estimates from APP. This is believed to be one of the lowest levels ever seen in the country and is two times lower than the European average, Loza admitted.
ASF outbreaks are also reported to be taking place in parts of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, temporarily occupied by pro-Russian rebels, as well as in Crimea. However, Ukraine government agencies have no information about the spread of the virus in these parts of the country.
First commercial farm affected in Romania
Meanwhile, a major alert has been sounded in Romania, where local veterinary services have had to cull almost 45,000 head of pigs at a farm in the southern county of Tulcea, according to national food safety authority ANSVSA. This was the first outbreak confirmed on a commercial farm in the country. All previous cases were reported either on the smallholdings or among wild boars. The affected farm is located only 2km away from the border with Ukraine.